Cuban Tourism – Are There Enough Beds?
Cuban Tourism: Are There Enough Beds? / Ivan Garcia
Posted on January 12, 2016
Ivan Garcia, 10 January 2016 — One month before their trip, José María,
his wife and two sons from Valencia Spain made reservations through the
internet for two rooms at the Hotel Riviera, which faces Havana’s
seaside drive, the Malecón.
“There was no way to rent a car,” says José María as he sips papaya
juice in the cafe of the Inglaterra hotel in the heart of Havana. “Our
plan was to spend six days in the capital and a weekend in Varadero.
Family friends had told us all about the island’s climate, its natural
beauty and especially the people. But the reality was quite different.”
He lists the problems. “The airport was a nightmare. It was filthy, with
a terrible odor, and getting through customs was impossibly slow. We
could not rent a car at the terminal or in any part of the city. It cost
us forty-five euros just to take a taxi to the hotel. The driver didn’t
even turn on the taxi meter. The Riviera had reserved a room for us that
had only three beds because they thought we were travelling with small
children. There were no other rooms available. It was infested with
roaches and the air conditioning barely worked,” notes the Spanish tourist.
The next morning they moved to the Inglaterra. “The service was just as
bad and we had to change rooms twice,” says José María “In one room the
water heater didn’t work and in another the TV was broken. And what you
see outside the hotel is awful. Except for a portion of Old Havana,
which is beautifully restored, the city is falling apart. Most people
are friendly, but it’s frightening to see how many prostitutes and shady
characters there are per square meter.”
The hotel at Varadero was better. “But the food in the ’all included’
plan was disgusting. The staff had no motivation. It was as though they
were being punished,” says José María.
Experiences like those of this Spanish tourist and his family in Havana
and Varadero occur often in Cuba. Tourism is the island’s third largest
source of hard currency, behind the export of medical services and
remittances from overseas.
In 2014 remittances totaled 2.7 billion dollars. Cuba has 62,000 hotel
rooms and an additional 19,000 rooms in private homes and hostels.
After the surprise announcement of the restoration of diplomatic
relations between Cuba and the United States in December of 2014, the
influx of tourists grew dramatically. Estimates are that 3.5 million
people will have visited Cuba by the end of 2015, an 18% increase over
the previous year.
The regime is probably taking in more than 3.2 billion dollars. The
outlook for tourism in Cuba is promising.
Projections are that 23,000 rooms will have been built by 2020. Gaviota,
a corporation headed by military officials, alone plans to build 14,000.
Currently, Gaviota is the fourth largest hotel chain in Latin America
and is predicted to be the second largest in four years.
But the biggest challenge to the growth of tourism on the island is not
a shortage of rooms. It is more an issue of poor management, lack of
supplies, low productivity and lousy service.
Add to these problems an infrastructure that has not been adequately
maintained. Ariel Terrero, a government journalist who reports on
economic issues, wrote a short piece for Cubadebate on the shortcomings
of the tourism industry in Cuba.
A university professor who specializes in tourism told Terrero that, in
spite of the increase in the number of visitors, hotel occupancy is less
than 60%. Why then are there no available rooms in what is currently
peak season in Havana and Varadero?
It is a management issue. According to the reporter, a large number of
rooms at the Havana Libre hotel are closed for renovation.
As Jorge, a receptionist, points out, “In hotels that have been in
operation for at least ten years, fifteen to twenty percent of rooms are
not being used because of repairs that take months to complete.”
Though the state has designated tourism a high-priority industry, the
companies in charge of maintenance do not have the authority to
import fittings, equipment or supplies.
“The money that the tourism sector brings in is controlled by the state.
Hotels where there is a foreign partner or that are owned by reputable
companies such as Melia operate with more independence,” says Sergio,
the head of a resort maintenance crew. “The rest must get state
authorization. And bureaucracy is so widespread that it takes up to ten
months to repair the air conditioning or plumbing system for a group of
Does Cuba have an adequate infrastructure to deal with a hypothetical
growth of five million tourists in 2016 and 2017.
“I don’t think so,” says a former manager of the Gran Caribe
corporation. “What happens is that in Cuba they only think about
construction, not about allocating resources for future maintenance. A
hotel is more than a room, breakfast and maybe a meal. These must be
complemented with car rental services, high-speed internet, cultural
programs within the facility and outside activities such as visits to
museums, cabarets and historical sites.”
In a city like Havana — with bad roads that make it difficult to drive
without GPS, without proper signaling at intersections, with few and
slow internet connections and with a poor public transport system — the
former director believes “it is difficult to get return visitors.
Because the crux of this business is not to get people to come once; it
is to get them to come back.”
If you go to sites like Tripadvisor, one of the things you notice is the
large number of negative experiences reported by foreigners who have
visited the island. Others like the Spanish tourist José María have
already erased Cuba from their tourist maps.
Source: Cuban Tourism: Are There Enough Beds? / Ivan Garcia |
Translating Cuba –