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June 2013
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An Archaic Concept

An Archaic Concept / Fernando Damaso
Posted on June 16, 2013

It’s worth noting that, in most of the programmatic documents of the Old
and the New Left, the concept that “the workers and peasants constitute
the principal movers of society, together with the participation of
other of its leaders” remains unalterable. This concept that, perhaps,
in the epoch of utopian socialism might be valid, owing to its being a
simple, theoretical proposal without any basis in experience, today and
for much time, has been totally absurd.

The nascent French bourgeoisie used the malaise of the masses to unleash
and guide the French Revolution, using them as a shock force for violent
confrontations, but reserving for itself the role of leading. The
Russian political agitators, nominating themselves as “professional
revolutionaries,” did the same thing with the workers, peasants and
soldiers, unleashing the October Revolution, but reserving for
themselves the exercise of power. Neither Robespierre, Danton, Marat,
Desmoulins and others in the first case, nor Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin
in the second, were workers or peasants. In the Cuban Revolution
something else happened: None of the principal leaders was a worker or
peasant; rather they belonged to the middle class and the petit
bourgeoisie, being principally professionals and students. The workers
and peasants simply constituted masses to be used.

If we are realists, we must accept that, in the end, Leonardo da Vinci,
Pasteur, Ford, Edison, the Wright Brothers, Bill Gates and many others,
to mention only a few in the field of science, have brought more to
human development and society than all the workers and peasants put
together in their respective countries as well as in the world. From the
appropriation of fire up to the invention of the wheel, printing, the
steam engine, the internal combustion motor, electricity, the use of the
atom, computers, the Internet and everything that amazes us today, it’s
been the talent of brilliant people who with their work and tenacity
have played the role of being the true moving forces of society. The
principal merit of bringing development to society belongs to them and
not to generic workers and peasants. This has been repeated in medicine,
the arts, architecture, transport, communications and in many other
spheres of human activity.

To pretend to eternally bestow this honor on workers and peasants,
without taking into account the process of continual change, in addition
to being dogmatic is unreal, and forms part of the archaic concepts that
still prevail in part of the thinking of the current Left. It’s about
time that the hammer and sickle were replaced with the combine and
programmable robotic lathes.

Translated by Regina Anavy

15 June 2013

Source: “An Archaic Concept / Fernando Damaso | Translating Cuba” –

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